Health checks

 

 

 

 

Types of health assessments

 

Health assessments are one of the most effective ways for us to provide health promotion and prevention services. Assessments are usually performed by our practice nurses working alongside or on behalf of our doctors.

Health assessments for people aged 75 years and older

This is an in-depth assessment and provides a structured way of identifying any health issues and conditions that are potentially preventable or amenable to interventions in order to improve your health and quality of life.

Health assessment for at risk people aged 45 to 49 years

This health assessment is based on the identification of a specific risk factor for a chronic disease or condition that has been, or is likely to be present for at least six months. It includes but is but not limited to asthma, cancer, cardiovascular illness, diabetes mellitus, a mental health condition, arthritis or a musculoskeletal condition. A health assessment at this stage of life can help you make the necessary lifestyle changes to prevent or delay the onset of chronic disease.

Heart health checks

This is a checkup that will help you to understand your risk factors for heart disease and estimate how likely you are to have a heart attack or stroke in the next five years.

Electrocardiogram – ECG

An electrocardiogram (ECG) detects heart problems by measuring the electrical activity generated by your heart as it contracts. and displays this as a trace on a screen or on paper, which can then be interpreted by your GP.

Skin cancer care

Includes skin checks, dermatoscopy, cryotherapy and excisions.

If you think you have a suspicious spot, the first step is to talk to your GP. Your GP will know your health history and can help you understand your personal risk factors for skin cancer, examine your skin, treat some skin cancers, refer you to a specialist if required, provide care you might need, as well as follow up and provide information on skin cancer prevention.

Cervical screening test

Cervical cancer is one of the most preventable cancers. Routine cervical screening is your best protection against cervical cancer. The Cervical Screening Test is more effective than the Pap test at preventing cervical cancers because it detects the human papillomavirus (known as HPV), whereas the Pap test looked for cell changes in the cervix. For most women aged 25 to 74, your first Cervical Screening Test is due two years after your last Pap test. After that, you will only need to have the test every five years if your result is normal.

Lung function testing – spirometry

Your GP will use spirometry to assess how well your lungs are working. It measures how much air you inhale, how much you exhale and how quickly you exhale. It is used to diagnose asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other conditions that affect breathing.

Vascular assessments

To assess peripheral circulation, peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is also known as ‘peripheral artery disease’ and refers to diseases of arteries outside the heart and brain.

The build-up of fatty deposits on the walls of the arteries makes the arteries narrower and restricts the flow of blood to the part of the body affected. This process is called ‘atherosclerosis’. PVD mainly affects the arteries leading to the legs and feet. Your GP can help you detect PVD before it becomes problematic.

Sexual health checks

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can be a major problem if not detected and treated. There are more than 20 types of STIs and some are frequently asymptomatic and can lead to various complications, including infertility.

If you are sexually active and have unprotected sex, are with multiple partners, then don’t risk your health by having regular tests. Common STIs include chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, hepatitis B and HIV. These infections are caused by a type of bacteria or virus.